Replacement of Google with Alternative Search Systems in China: Documentation and Screen Shots with Jonathan Zittrain

The authors are studying Internet filtering in countries worldwide, and current investigations focus on restrictions on web access in China. Using a web-based system to test web filtering in China, the authors previously determined and confirmed that Google was inaccessible from at least one testing location in China; initially, in testing beginning August 29, a request for Google led to the error “host not found,” consistent with requests for other inaccessible or blocked sites. However, using related methods, the authors have now confirmed and documented reports that Chinese Internet access currently provides pages other than the ordinary Google home page in response to requests for; such behavior is believed to have begun on September 8. The screen shots in this article document six instances of this replacement. Full article.